You might think that all lobsters are bright red, but they only turn that color
after they’ve been cooked for dinner. Lobsters are normally a blend of brown,
green and red, although some lobsters are blue or white.
Size Up to 3 feet long; can weigh up to 40 pounds or more
Diet Fishes, crabs, clams, mussels, sea urchins and sea stars
Lifespan 60 years or more; though it is difficult for scientists to know
Range North Atlantic waters, from Canada through North Carolina
Habitat Rocky and sandy ocean floor
Predators Large fishes, larger lobsters, seals and humans
Relatives American lobsters are crustaceans, which means they are related to
crabs and shrimps, and distantly related to spiders.
Family life Female lobsters produce thousands of eggs at a time and carry the eggs under their tails for 9 to 12 months. The newly hatched lobsters swim near the ocean’s surface, where they eat small creatures known as zooplankton.
Lobsters and climate change As ocean temperatures fluctuate, so do the lobsters’ habits. Lobsters can respond to temperature changes by changing their habitat.